The History Nepal in brief

The History Nepal in brief

Nepal embraces much of the great Himalayan ridge and a substantial band of territory to the north of it and also the mid mountain region including a strip of the Gangetic  plain in the south. It is bordered by India on the west, south and east, and by Tibet, now an Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China, in the north. Its area is 1,47,151 square km. (54,718 square miles). It lies in South Asia between the East meridians of 80-4′ and 88-12′ and the North parallels of 26-22′ and 30-27′. Ecologically, Nepal is divided into three regions called the Mountain region, Hill region and the Terai region.

The census of 1991 counted the population  distribution  by  religion of over 18.5 million total population 86.5 % Hindu, 7.8% Buddhist, 3.5% Islam and the rest were others. For  the  year  2000  population  of  Nepal was estimated  to be 22.9  millions.

Nepal has British style parliamentary democracy and His Majesty King Jnanendra is ruling  the country. It has legacy of complicated trends of  history. In our study  the historical  sequence is shown as follows:

700 B.C. 300 B.C. Buddha’s time and after that
301 B.C-300 C. A. Asokan period and after that.
301-AD.-1000 C.A. Licchavi Period
1001 C.A.-1700 C.A. Medieval Period
1701 – Modern Period to present time.

We shall make a survey of Buddhist existence in the each period,


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